Press Enterprise 30 Day Archive

February 24, 2018
Judge denies Geisinger request to drop suit
DANVILLE — Seven years ago, Westley Wise killed his girlfriend Jessica Frederick at their Danville home by slashing her...
DANVILLE — A judge took issue with how Geisinger handled Westley Wise’s plea for psychiatric treatment days before he...
Vo-Tech students aim to sell fruit of their labor, now on display
SOUTH CENTRE TWP. — It took more than a year, two dozen students, and nearly four tons of material, but Columbia-...
Pair allegedly jumped three women after offer of $100 to fight black girl
BLOOMSBURG — A Bloomsburg University student and her boyfriend jumped three females after asking if they wanted to make...
New technology kills Berwick shop
BERWICK — One of the area’s last remaining video rental stores is closing its doors. Hollywood Video has become one of...
Police: Teen driver pulled into other motorist’s path near Catawissa
CATAWISSA TWP. — An ambulance and a car collided head-on here Friday, but no one was hurt, police say. Logan Hixon, 19...
February 23, 2018
Former Montour Township officer alleged hostile workplace
MONTOUR TWP. — A former police officer here who claimed he feared for his safety while working under Police Chief Terry...
Film student’s realistic costumes can be rented for entertainment
MAYBERRY TWP. — Dinosaurs are at the top of the list of animals Mackenzie Wertman loves. She loves them so much that...
Authorities report threatening remarks as online post upset parents in the area
Police were called to Central Columbia High School Thursday afternoon when a student made threatening remarks to other...
Russian national had 67 pounds of drug
DANVILLE — A California man caught smuggling 67 pounds of marijuana across the country when stopped for a traffic...
Ordinance to be tweaked to more fairly enforce safety rules
CATAWISSA — Catawissa’s snow removal ordinance will most likely be revamped before the first snow flakes fall next...
February 22, 2018
Lightstreet pair seeking $5M says mentally ill son no threat
SCOTT TWP. — The parents of a mentally ill man shot and killed by police during a 2016 standoff are seeking up to $5...
Bloomsburg man still accused of assault and harassment
BLOOMSBURG — A bar bouncer accused of assaulting a man outside of Good Old Days last fall saw the most serious charge...
After complaints, PennDOT repairs stretch of Route 11 in Salem Township
SALEM TWP. — Salem Township Police Chief Robert Kishbaugh was surprised some motorists didn’t lose parts of their...
Press Enterprise Managing Editor If a new Congressional district map drawn by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court holds,...
MONTREAT, N.C. — The Rev. Billy Graham, the magnetic, movie-star-handsome preacher who became a singular force in...
February 21, 2018
Bloomsburg suspect allegedly sent skateboarder to ER
BLOOMSBURG — A bar bouncer is charged with seriously injuring a Bloomsburg man by body slamming him to the ground after...
Benton-area dog lover used transport team to bring brothers home
FISHING CREEK TWP. — Ever since Sam Magni was a kid, if she came across a stray animal, she tried to take it in, get it...
Girlfriend allegedly was threatened with a loaded gun
BERWICK — A Berwick man was involved in an armed standoff with police for hours Tuesday morning after threatening his...
Danville authorities try to reassure parents
DANVILLE — A teen was taken into custody Monday night for allegedly making Facebook posts that caused concern, police...
Solicitor: Zoning board ruling must be in writing, appeals possible
BLOOMSBURG — More than a week after the zoning hearing board voted to grant a developer permission to build a drug-and-...
February 20, 2018
Benton student, 16, may be charged, district boss says
BENTON — A 16-year-old Benton student has been suspended and will likely face criminal charges after telling other...
DANVILLE — Police are investigating a Facebook post made by a student that caused concern, the chief says. But there...
Buckhorn girl among faces of Geisinger campaign
DANVILLE — Watching Rylee Bond twirl her way around a ballroom Monday afternoon, it’s easy to see why the 10-year-old...
Driver fined $1G, must pay medical costs for injuries to woman’s foot
BLOOMSBURG — A former court administrator has pleaded “no contest” to driving away after running over a woman’s foot...
District foresees $840G shortfall in next year’s spending plan
FRANKLIN TWP. — The Southern Columbia School District will once again seek to raise its property-tax rate above a state...
Pa. resident to appear at Bloom Fairgrounds show
BLOOMSBURG — The star of “Stone House Revival” is coming to the Bloomsburg Fairgrounds for the annual Home and Outdoor...
February 19, 2018
Totals for some previous Montour housing meetings ran $9G to $12G
DANVILLE — Just the attorney for the Montour County Housing Authority attended a national conference last year in...
Woman allegedly suffers from disabling migraines
BLOOMSBURG — An ex-employee is suing Autoneum, claiming she was fired for missing work due to her migraines, records...
Local PPL workers pitch in to restore electricity to ravaged island
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — For three area linemen, it’s a job like no other on an island 1,600 miles from home. For the...
Bloom suspect accused of stalking, harassment
BLOOMSBURG — A man is accused of sending threatening text messages to his ex-girlfriend, who feared he was serious and...
Mifflin man alleges woman owes him nearly $25G for renovations, vehicle downpayment
FOUNDRYVILLE — A contractor is suing an ex-girlfriend, claiming she owes him money for a renovation project and a down...
February 18, 2018
Departing vice president: Heated meeting revealed ‘clannish rivalries’
CATAWISSA — Borough council’s vice president decided to resign from her seat one week after a public meeting...
Councilman still wants Berwick to remove tree, bill him
BERWICK — New council members told Andrew Shecktor they are prepared to fight him in court if he persists in refusing...
Mifflin woman, former inmate plan to launch volunteer outreach
MIFFLINVILLE — Steve Cave has lived most of the past 23 years behind bars in over a dozen prisons for crimes including...
Berwick man allegedly wrote prescriptions illegally
BERWICK — A Berwick podiatrist who’s already in legal trouble left the scene of an accident on Jan. 8 after witnesses...
System fighting federal case, says woman was employed through a third-party agency
DANVILLE — An IT analyst is suing Geisinger in federal court, claiming she was fired due to her learning disability,...
February 17, 2018
Authorities: Images of little girls found on BU office computer
BLOOMSBURG -- A Bloomsburg University professor was arrested Thursday night after computer network services staff...
More than 400 turn out for BU forum on battling racial boundaries
BLOOMSBURG — When postal worker Heath Walker started delivering mail here about seven years ago, the post office...
Alleged killer’s trial will begin in March
BLOOMSBURG — Accused killer Anthony Rocco Franklin’s defense lawyer Brian Ulmer requested on Friday that his client be...
Owner of ‘dangerous’ pit-bull mix on probation
DANVILLE — A man whose dog chased and bit a bicyclist near here has been ordered by a judge to refrain from owning dogs...
Surrounding property owners will share marked Centralia road
CENTRALIA —Graffiti Highway has no future as a road. So earlier this week, PennDOT gave away the nearly three-quarter-...
February 16, 2018
Man, 32, allegedly followed teen and sent her messages
For the Press Enterprise NESCOPECK — A crossing guard in the borough harassed a 17-year-old girl for close to two...
Police: If girl had survived, she would have been blind
BERWICK — A doctor told police the injuries that killed 3-year-old Isabella Brown were so severe, she would have been...
Father of five adds felony to extensive criminal record
BLOOMSBURG — A prison escapee is back behind bars after police received a tip about his whereabouts Thursday morning....
Berwick native, partner briefly took lead in relay
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea — Berwick native Jayson Terdiman and his doubles partner Matt Mortensen briefly pulled the...
Lawyers claim man was abusive, used and sold drugs
HARRISBURG — Convicted murderer Maria Sanutti-Spencer is now on her third appeal attempt, after she asked the state...
February 15, 2018
Proposed ordinance allegedly helps disputed businesses
MAINVILLE — Opponents of a bed and breakfast and wedding barn linked to a township supervisor claim a newly proposed...
Berwick Olympian has another chance for a medal in today’s relay
BERWICK — About 50 people, including a squad of cheerleaders, met before dawn at Reliance Fire Hall on Wednesday to...
Danville district project’s cost increases from $500G to $2M
DANVILLE — The price of a new maintenance building for the Danville Area School District has risen from about $500,000...
BLOOMSBURG — A man who was given a pass to leave Columbia County Prison to have his picture taken for a state ID card...
Bloom woman accused of kicking officer set to face charges in court
BLOOMSBURG — A woman accused of kicking a police officer in the stomach outside Good Old Days expressed remorse for her...
February 14, 2018
Police chief sees no conflict in handling of case; Bower files to evict woman who shares his home
BLOOMSBURG — The night Bonnie Fulop was allegedly drunk and disorderly at the Good Old Days bar, her on-again, off-...
Dispute over winter safety leads to Conyngham shouting match
WILBURTON NO. 2 —Repeated criticism about the township roads by a supervisor’s wife led to a shouting match between...
Shotgun suspect seeks lesser charge, denies intent to kill
BLOOMSBURG — A man wounded by a close-range shotgun blast last June testified recently that the gunman told him he was...
WILBURTON NO. 2. — Conyngham Township officials want to make it illegal to have piles of garbage, high weeds and junk...
Man allegedly aims firearm at fellow Texas gas-well worker in Danville
DANVILLE — A man pulled a gun during a road-rage incident between two gas-well workers from Texas, police say. Dustin...
Judge tentatively grants early release for man, 22, who solicited nudes of girl
BLOOMSBURG — An inmate placed in solitary confinement at Columbia County Prison has asked a judge to grant him parole...
February 13, 2018
Zoppetti pitches switch to former Windsor Foods property
BLOOMSBURG — A developer returned to Town Council here Monday night to again ask officials to agree to allow a drug and...
Hometown hero inspires lad to chase Olympic dreams
BERWICK — When Jayson Terdiman launches himself down the luge track in pursuit of an Olympic medal Wednesday, he’ll be...
Last year’s budget leftovers will cover meals regardless of a family’s income
BERWICK — All Berwick Area School District students can eat breakfast and lunch for free next year, regardless of their...
200-year-old stone house is a priority for Pa. historical preservation organization
NESCOPECK — The Cooper House here is one of four buildings added to this year’s statewide Pennsylvania At Risk list, a...
Party leaders urge Wolf to reject Republicans’ redrawing plan
HARRISBURG — Top Democratic state lawmakers said Monday they want to work with Gov. Tom Wolf on a consensus Democratic...
February 12, 2018
Montour leader doubts bleak funding outlook
DANVILLE — If the Montour County Recreation Commission doesn’t find new funding in the next few months, it could fold,...
DANVILLE — In 2017, about 63 percent of land open to the public was lost in Montour County, the county recreation...
License suspended, sleeping tot was not restrained, police say
BERWICK — A Berwick man was smoking marijuana while a youngster slept, improperly restrained in the back seat, police...
Local students focus on diversity and community acceptance
For the Press Enterprise BLOOMSBURG — Local high school students spent the winter shooting and editing films aimed at...
Business proposes to add drive-through at landmark
MILLVILLE — A 104-year-old landmark here will soon take on new life when a local credit union moves in. The Central...
Bloom discussion participants share experiences
BLOOMSBURG — A discussion about racism packed the cafeteria at Bloomsburg Area High School on Sunday. The Coalition...
February 11, 2018
BU exec welcomes report; mayor doubts party ideas
BLOOMSBURG — A recent review of Bloomsburg University’s Greek organizations called Block Party “a disaster” and...
Man given probation, $450 fine for outburst fueled by opioids, sake
BLOOMSBURG — A former police officer from the Lewisburg area blamed opioids mixed with alcohol for a drunken rampage at...
Heart attack survivor praises ‘heroes’ who are up for an award
BERWICK — When a man at the Berwick YMCA fell to the gym floor unconscious, staffers used CPR and an automated external...
Nearby warehouse to make room for more snacks, owner says
BERWICK — Expansion at Wise Snack Foods is spurring an expansion at a nearby warehouse, the warehouse owner told...
Bloom restaurant staffer accused of harassment
BLOOMSBURG — A Bloomsburg woman harassed a co-worker who was “routinely causing problems” for her and other employees...
February 10, 2018
Service coming to Columbia, Montour counties in summer
BLOOMSBURG — Sometime this summer, residents of Columbia and Montour counties should be able to text 9-1-1 when they...
Berwick charity says new fence and chain are cutting illegal dumping
BERWICK — A new fence, a new chain and a donated car port seem to have solved most of the illegal dumping problems at...
BLOOMSBURG — Matt Zoppetti’s plan to put a drug-and-alcohol treatment center in Bloomsburg passed a major hurdle on...
Berwick Area crew merger with Geisinger team needs approval
BERWICK — Berwick Area Ambulance Association is merging with Geisinger’s ambulance services. The merger of Berwick and...
BERWICK — A Berwick woman who police say was driving drunk told officers that she needed to get out of the house...
February 9, 2018
Police: Volunteer, 16, says man gave unsolicited sex-education speech
MAHONING TWP. — A former Geisinger doctor kissed a teenage girl and gnawed on her ear while she was taking part in a...
Athlete to compete for gold on Valentine’s Day in South Korea
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea — Watch out for that ninth curve — it’s a doozy. That was the advice from Olympian Jayson...
South Centre man was allegedly looking for former Berwick tenants
BERWICK — A man who police say made threats to burn down a home on Elm Street will face the charges in county court...
LIBERTY TWP. — A 65-year-old man asked a teenage girl to send him nude photos of herself, and discussed performing...
A Catawissa woman won five lottery prizes totaling $5,000 in December. Heather Sharkuski was among 68 local players...
February 8, 2018
Southern grad, 18, says he’s afraid after regrettable post
BLOOMSBURG -- A Bloomsburg University sophomore used social media to fire off a racial slur in response to revelry in...
WWE stars, famous athletes come to Berwick man to get unique style
BERWICK — In high school, Mike Henger purchased a pair of $40 clippers from Walmart and started cutting his soccer...
Hunlock Creek man is locked up on assault, endangerment charges
HUNLOCK CREEK — A Hunlock Creek man stabbed another man twice with a pocket knife here Tuesday night during a fight,...
Fired employee, volunteer seek $35M, allege discrimination
DANVILLE — An ex-employee and her son are suing Geisinger Medical Center for $35 million, claiming they were the...
Official fears new cost will discourage use
BLOOMSBURG — Starting this spring, it will cost $50 to reserve a pavilion at the Bloomsburg Town Park on weekends and...
February 7, 2018
Bloomsburg ophthalmologist may see felony charge tossed in a year
BLOOMSBURG — A longtime local eye doctor admitted Tuesday that he had conspired to prescribe medications for his...
Defense: Suspect is ailing and elderly
BLOOMSBURG — A man who was imprisoned in Argentina with accused killer Anthony Rocco Franklin will be brought here to...
Mahoning Township business adding to menu, seating, storage
MAHONING TWP. — A pizza restaurant here is more than doubling in size to better accommodate customers, the owner says...
Assault and resisting arrest among charges
BLOOMSBURG — A woman kicked a police officer in the stomach while she was being taken into custody for causing a...
BLOOMSBURG — A Columbia County deputy sheriff was injured while attempting to arrest a man wanted on a warrant, arrest...
February 6, 2018
Police chief: Small crowd made a mess
BLOOMSBURG — Just minutes after the Philadelphia Eagles claimed their first Super Bowl victory Sunday night, jubilant...
Neighbor says her parents have long rented out Locust Township property
LOCUST TWP. — Crews battled a fire that destroyed a home near Numidia on Monday, according to fire officials. The fire...
CATAWISSA — Kevin Ferris of Shuman Street confronted borough council Monday night, asking why he was cited for not...
BLOOMSBURG — The final vote for Bloomsburg School District’s proposed reconfiguration and expansion project is just...
LOCUST TWP. — A man plowing snow on an ATV ending up sliding down a steep embankment and getting pinned beneath the...
February 5, 2018
Bloom plan allows police to shoot deer, geese after plane hit a fawn
BLOOMSBURG — In July, a white-tailed fawn bounded across the runway at the Bloomsburg Municipal Airport and was sliced...
Couple charged in beating with rod; man allegedly sold drugs and resisted
BERWICK — Police had been looking for a woman accused of assaulting a man with a metal rod for almost two weeks; they...
Salem firefighters’ rescue truck skids into railroad signal in Nescopeck crash
NESCOPECK — A Salem Township rescue truck on the way to an accident got into one of its own after a car pulled into its...
Wise officials say they hope move will boost safety, gain business
BERWICK — Wise Foods is planning on adding a new room to its factory in hopes of improving its score on food safety...
Treating before storms would take costly gear, more workers, Public Works boss says
BLOOMSBURG — Critics of the town’s winter road maintenance say current policies leave older residents stuck shoveling...
February 4, 2018
Manager disputes complaints from former enforcer and ex-council chief
CATAWISSA — One of two former borough code officers who recently resigned said he did so after 21 years because he had...
Saying among BU minority students gives name to diversity discussion
BLOOMSBURG — There’s a saying among minority students at Bloomsburg University, passed down from upper classmen to...
Man, 57, charged over messages to grad student
BLOOMSBURG — A man arrested in 2013 for stalking a Bloomsburg University freshman is charged with doing it again,...
Charges against Catawissa husband withdrawn
CATAWISSA — A woman allegedly endangered the welfare of her children by using meth while they were in her care on Jan....
Dispute between Tuzzi’s, neighbors may be settled in civil court
BERWICK — A pair of citations against Tuzzi’s Family Limited for putting out large amounts of bread to feed birds have...
February 3, 2018
Bloomsburg accident diverts traffic, damages vehicles on frigid night
An accident in the 800 block of Millville Road sent three people to the hospital on Friday night. Traffic was detoured...
Police: Traffic citations steady since registration move
A year after the state stopped issuing vehicle registration stickers, local police say enforcement remains about the...
Mounting medical costs may close kitchen at Smitty’s Steaks in Bloomsburg
BLOOMSBURG — The future of a downtown cheesesteak shop is in jeopardy as owner Mike “Tank” Smith battles kidney failure...
Councilman may go to court over issue concerning sidewalk
BERWICK — The codes appeal board unanimously turned down Councilman Andrew Shecktor’s appeal of borough orders to...
Mike Smith says his shop gets steady traffic from college students and some residents, but he often feels frustrated by...
NESCOPECK — A Nescopeck man allegedly used a forged letterhead to request about $70,000 in tax reimbursements from the...
February 2, 2018
Authorities: Berwick woman’s daughter signaled police
BERWICK — A Berwick woman who was driving erratically as a young girl waved to police from the back seat of her car was...
Bloomsburg, Scranton facilities not part of health system’s ‘core’
DANVILLE — Geisinger Health System is getting out of the nursing home business. New Jersey-based Skyline Healthcare...
Mainville woman’s butterfly-wing jewelry is tribute to mom, hobby
MAINVILLE — A commercial banker by day, Heidi Michael of Mainville spends her evenings in a decidedly more creative...
DANVILLE — A drug offender told a judge he walked from Harrisburg to Montour County to turn himself in after absconding...
MAHONING TWP. — A driver who thought he put his Jeep Cherokee in park could only watch as the SUV crashed into the...
February 1, 2018
Data: Danville district salaries double Bloomsburg staff’s
DANVILLE — The Danville Area school board approved higher salaries for winter sports coaches, which means a nearly 60...
WILKES-BARRE — Kenneth Crawford’s lawyer asked Judge Fred A. Pierantoni III Wednesday to weigh whether Crawford’s life...
Girton Manufacturing’s laser keeps work in plant, slices waste, hikes output
MILLVILLE — A small manufacturing company is making a big investment in its future with the addition of a $500,000...
New York man gets probation in Geisinger treatment case
DANVILLE — A New York man who admitted defrauding Geisinger Medical Center out of $76,480 in medical costs was placed...
BLOOMSBURG — The lawyer for a man accused of threatening to kill police officers, judges and their families in an...
January 31, 2018
Study of BU Greeks notes lower grades, ‘mean girl culture’
BLOOMSBURG — A new assessment of Bloomsburg University’s Greek organizations found that the annual Block Party drinking...
Columbia prison official vows to take steps to prevent another error
BERWICK — A man spent 10 extra days in Columbia County Prison because prison officials misplaced the court order that...
Durango driver taken to hospital after snowy accident near Bloom
MONTOUR TWP. — A Dodge Durango plowed into a residence here Tuesday morning after striking a utility pole along Valley...
BLOOMSBURG — Two Central Columbia school buses had trouble on snow-covered roads Tuesday morning, but all students...
WASHINGTON (AP) — Addressing a deeply divided nation, President Donald Trump called for a “new American moment” of...
Adoptive Mifflin family also argues for chance at parole for man sentenced while a teenager
WILKES-BARRE — Sobbing uncontrollably, convicted murderer Kenneth Crawford looked up from a courtroom witness stand...
January 30, 2018
Parents rally to save Nescopeck Elementary
BERWICK — A proposal to close Nescopeck Elementary School wouldn’t save as much money as an architect estimates and...
Defendant, 34, to get new sentence in campground slayings
WILKES-BARRE — Convicted killer Kenneth Crawford broke down sobbing and buried his head into his crossed arms at a...
Developer swaps aging townhouses for high-end places in Bloomsburg
BLOOMSBURG — A developer has torn down a block of aging townhouses along East Fifth Street, and she plans to replace...
Blue moon, supermoon, total lunar eclipse to dazzle West
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — The moon is providing a rare triple treat this week. On Wednesday, much of the world will get...
RALPHO TWP. — The Happy Valley Bridge has been granted new life, thanks to an engineering study that shows it was much...
January 29, 2018
Bloom resident allegedly reported shots, gunman at school
BLOOMSBURG — A Bloomsburg man is accused of calling in numerous false reports to authorities last fall, police say....
Suspect allegedly stuck owner with citations, costs to regain vehicle he left in Harrisburg
For the Press Enterprise FAIRMOUNT TWP. — An arrest warrant has been issued for a Bloomsburg man who borrowed another...
Latest breathing gear comes with life-saving, heat-sensing cameras
BERWICK — Berwick’s Fire Department has obtained cutting-edge technology that could ultimately help firefighters save...
Suspect mistook leaf for ‘half a squirrel,’ cops say
MAHONING TWP. — A Danville man was “out of his mind” and in possession of meth when he tussled with officers, police...
BLOOMSBURG — An enraged driver who claimed he was being tailgated chased down the other driver and punched him in the...
January 28, 2018
Buckalew Place overhaul includes $30G on window treatments
BLOOMSBURG — Bloomsburg University spent nearly $100,000 cleaning, refurbishing, and furnishing the president’s home...
Pair of area 90-somethings relied on clean living and hard work
POINT TWP. —Ruth Jean and Clarence Reynolds revealed no magic formula Saturday for how they’ve navigated 75 years — and...
Berwick officers chase and grapple with two who allegedly broke into a soda machine
BERWICK — Two officers suffered injuries while wrestling down suspects who had broken into a soda machine, court papers...
Heavy ‘foot traffic’ triggered suspicions, officers report
BLOOMSBURG — Two inmates were allegedly caught with heroin inside Columbia County Prison on Christmas Eve, arrest...
Ex-GI: Job is equivalent to brigadier general
Millville graduate Laura Avery was appointed to the Senior Executive Service as assistant deputy chief of staff for...
Attackers fled after seriously injuring man outside sorority house
BLOOMSBURG — A man was seriously injured after being assaulted early Saturday outside a sorority house on Fetterman...
January 27, 2018
North Centre Township man, 62, claims misunderstanding
NORTH CENTRE TWP. — A 62-year-old man is accused of using a laundry chute to spy on a 12-year-old girl in the bathroom...
Shickshinny mayor eyes possible win-win plan
SHICKSHINNY — Residents here might be able to use land owned by the borough after the flood buyouts. The issue came up...
Burned building could host local artists in Bloomsburg, official offers
BLOOMSBURG —It’s been four years since a fire ravaged the Moose Exchange on West Main Street here, and little has...
FRANKLIN TWP. — A 22-year-old woman was taken to the hospital after she lost control of her car and flipped it into a...
Benton fire captain blames overturned heater in vehicle
WALLER — Fire heavily damaged a box truck Friday morning at a natural gas pipeline construction site along Waller...
January 26, 2018
Columbia and Montour county commissioners to deal with address, radio and other concerns
BLOOMSBURG — Radio communication and address issues seem to be the major stumbling blocks of the merged 9-1-1 center...
Developer tells zoning board ‘nursing home’ definition allows for proposed use
BLOOMSBURG — Town residents will have to wait at least another month to learn if developer Matt Zoppetti will win...
BERWICK — A man threatened to burn down a house on Elm Street here, then resisted arrest and created havoc in district...
BLOOMSBURG — Bloomsburg School District Superintendent Donald Wheeler envisions an expanded science and technology wing...
DANVILLE — Lawyers for Geisinger Medical Center asked a judge to throw out claims the hospital is liable for the...